Instituted in 1851, the Order was awarded in five classes, with the First Class being the highest. The Order was issued in considerable numbers by Sultan Abdülmecid as a reward for distinguished service to members of the British Army and the Royal Navy and the French Army who came to the aid of the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War against Russia. In Britain it was worn after any British gallantry and campaign medals awarded, but before the Turkish Crimean War medal. The Order was usually conferred on officers but a few enlisted soldiers also received it in a lower class. During World War I it was also awarded to a number of German and Austrian officers.
The Order was often conferred on non-Turkish nationals.
On the obverse of the star is Sultan Abdülmecid's royal cipher surrounded by an inscription on a gold-bordered circle of red enamel; all on a star of seven triple quills with small crescents and five-pointed stars between them, suspended from a red enameled crescent and star suspender with green enameled edges.
Rough translation of the front: To the left: (you have) crossed. To the right: (you are proven to be) correct. At the top: (you have provided) protection. At the bottom: Year 1268. In the centre: In the name of the God the forgiver, the merciful.
The order has 5 classes. First, second, third and fourth classes are gold. Fifth (lower) class is silver.
Owners of the order:
- First Class Order (Gold) - 50 people (Given by Sultan)
- Second Class Order (Gold) - 150 people (Given by Sultan)
- Third Class Order (Gold) - 800 people
- Fourth Class Order (Gold) - 3,000 people
- Fifth Class Order (Silver) - 6,000 people
2nd Class Order. Measures 75mm from tip to tip and weighs approx 71 grams. Made of Silver with highly decorative gold enamelled centre. Features turkish hallmark to the rear. No other history is known about the item. Note the centre gold piece has a surface dent.
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